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ENRICH YOUR ENGLISH

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अंग्रेजी एक लिंगुआ फ्रेंका के साथ विभिन्न परीक्षाओं में सफलता का गोल्डन पासपोर्ट भी हैI आईये, हम भी अंग्रेजी के अपने ज्ञान को बढ़ायें –

Choose the closest meaning of the words given in the capital letters –

1. INCONGRUITY
(A) discord, discrepancy (B) conspicuous (C) incompetent

2. DISTRACT
(A) to defeat (B) to divert (C) to cajole

3. DISTEND
(A) to enlarge, to extend (B) to prescribe (C) to revise

4. DISSIDENT
(A) disappointed (B) brave (C) critic, iconoclastic

5. IMPULSIVE
(A) moribund (B) reckless, instinctive (C) pragmatic

6. OCULIST
(A) optician, ophthalmologist (B) magician (C) novice

7. INCORRIGIBLE
(A) unruly, incurable (B) different (C) pellucid, transparent

Answers: 1.A 2.B 3.A 4.C 5.B 6.A 7.A

Choose the word most nearly opposite to the words given in the capital letters-

1. ACCEDE
(A) to accomplish (B) to dissent (C) to imbibe

2. ABANDON
(A) to cherish (B) to defy (C) to frustrate

3. AFFECTATION
(A) completion (B) ingenuousness, unsophistication (C) intelligence

4. COAGULATE
(A) to liquefy (B) to know (C) to linger

5. EXTENUATE
(A) to aggravate (B) to encounter (C) to pretend

6. AFFABLE
(A) reserved, taciturn (B) abundant (C) confident

7. AGGRANDIZE
(A) to belittle, to depreciate (B) to relate (C) to break

1.B 2.A 3.B 4.A 5.A 6.A 7.A

WORDS WIELD POWER

(1.) ASSIDUOUS – adjective, characterized by great attention and care, diligent, industrious (ध्यान और और सावधानी से युक्त, मिहनती) She is well known for doing all her office works with assiduous attention.
My sister passed the IAS examination as a result of assiduous planning and hard labour.
We need assiduous planning to accomplish this hard task.
Assiduously – adverb, She tendered her garden assiduously.
Synonyms: laborious, occupied
Antonyms: unoccupied, inactive

(2.) VENGEANCE – noun, the act of doing something to hurt someone because that person has hurt you or someone else. (किसी को नुकसान पहुंचाने के लिए कुछ करना क्योंकि उसने भी आपको या किसी और को चोट पहुंचाई है)
The newspapers wrote that last night event of setting the press building on fire had been done as an act of vengeance.
The woman swore vengeance against her brother’s murder.
With a vengeance – 1. with great force (अधिक ऊर्जा के साथ) The central government has initiated chalking out the agriculture policies with a vengeance on the rebel farmers.
2. to an extreme degree (अंतिम हद तक)
Students have started preparing for the examination with a vengeance.
After five months, corona has returned with a vengeance.

Synonyms : retaliation, retribution, revenge

LET US KNOW THE FOLLOWING WORDS MEANING VARIOUS TYPES OF GOVERNMENT

  1. Anarchy – by nobody, no government
  2. Aristocracy – by the nobility
  3. Autarchy / autocracy – by one person
  4. Democracy – by the people
  5. Diarchy – by two authorities
  6. Gerontocracy – by the old people
  7. Matriarchy – by mothers
  8. Ochlocracy – by the mob
  9. Oligarchy – by a small group of the people
  10. Patriarchy – by a man, by descents through males
  11. Theocracy – by God or religion

WORD OF THE WEEK

ETIOLATE – verb, to deprive of energy, to debilitate, to enfeeble, to weaken (शक्ति क्षीण करना, कमजोर बनाना) She spent stressful life while preparing for her examinations which ultimately etiolated her.


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