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ENRICH YOUR ENGLISH

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अंग्रेजी एक लिंगुआ फ्रेंका के साथ विभिन्न परीक्षाओं में सफलता का गोल्डन पासपोर्ट भी हैI आईये, हम भी अंग्रेजी के अपने ज्ञान को बढ़ायें –
Choose the closest meaning of the words given in the capital letters –
1. CHASM

(A) dichotomy (B) consistency (C) dimension

2. DEVITALIZE

(A) to transmit (B) to propose (C) to enfeeble

3. DEVOUT

(A) conflicting (B) devoted, pious(C) detached

4. CROP

(A) to shear, to shave (B) to crumble (C) to cruise

5. COLLATE

(A) to collect, to accumulate (B) to impact (C) to colonize

6. ARCHAIC

(A) obsolete (B) mischievous (C) aquatic

7. ARABLE

(A) fertile (B) curved (C) pertinent
Answers: 1.A 2.C 3.B 4.A 5.A 6.A 7.A

Choose the word most nearly opposite to the words given in the capital letters –

1. GREGARIOUS

(A) horrifying (B) harsh (C) unsociable

2. HAZARDOUS

(A) overcast (B) safe (C) vigilant

3. HOMELY

(A) formal, sophisticated (B) uniform (C) hollow

4.INITIATE

(A) to lacerate (B) to finish, to close (C) to admonish

5. SLUGGISH

(A) industrious (B) ultimate (C) libidinous

6.LAUDATORY

(A) disparaging (B) latent (C) overdue

7. NON-STOP

(A) obscene (B) occasional (C) significant

1.C 2.B 3.A 4.B 5.A 6.A 7.B

LET US KNOW THESE FOREIGN WORDS

bona fide – genuine, legal (प्रामाणिक, वास्तविक) My friend’s father is a bona fide expert in the ancient Indian art music and literature.

fait accompli – something already decided, anything which cannot be changed (पूर्व-निर्णीत,) The severe changes in the economic policies were the fait accompli of the government which came to power after the landslide victory in the general election.

faux pas – an embarrassing social blunder, gaffe (कोई लज्जाजनक सामाजिक भूल और भयंकर गलती) The local leader committed a faux pas when he forgot to greet the chief guest in his address to the audiences.

status quo – the present condition (यथास्थिति) They say that only constant in this world is change, yet some people resist changes and do their best to maintain the status quo.
magnum opus – the most important work of a writer or artist (किसी लेखक या कलाकार की सर्वोत्तम कृति) The Mona Lisa is reckoned as the magnum opus of Leonardo Da Vinci, the famous Italian polymath.

sang-froid – ability of a person to stay cool and calm even in the difficult circumstances, composure (कठिन परिस्थितियों में भी शांत और स्थिर रहने की क्षमता, आत्मसंयम) The people saluted the exemplary sang-froid of the youth who bravely met the challenges of his life to ultimately become the first IAS officer of his village.

Enfant terrible – noun, plural enfants terribles, a peson whose remarks cause embarrassment, a terrifying child or person (ऐसा व्यक्ति जिसके कथन शर्मनाक स्थिति उत्पन्न करता है) She was a famous actress of her time but due to her outspoken comments she became enfant terrible of the Bollywood industry.

WORD OF THE WEEK

(1.) ACCENTUATE – verb, to focus, to emphasise, to highlight (जोर देना, ध्यान केंद्रित करना) The government has been trying hard to accentuate the various welfare programmes launched over the past decade to persuade the voters.


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